Pigeons have readily adapted to an urban environment are unafraid of people and will nest or roost in any available urban surrounding. Pigeons are sociable birds that are often seen in flocks of 20-30 birds notable for the loud cooing and amount of droppings they leave. Flocks will contain multiple types of pigeon species and they will roost/nest in sheltered areas such as roof spaces, derelict buildings and under solar paneling or architectural features. Without proper pigeon deterrents, over time more flocks can congregate and create costly damage to a property.
Pigeons are usually attracted to urban areas due to a ready food source being available. Each species has exceptional navigational skills and depend on their vision and memory for their survival.
Pigeon Breeding & Nesting
Pigeons mate for life and breeding can occur during all seasons, although peak breeding happens in the spring and summer. A typical pigeon clutch will consist of 2-3 eggs with both sexes taking an equal role in caring for the young. The fledgling period is 30 days, pigeons will typically lay more eggs before the first clutch leaves the nest. Urban pigeons will nest in or on buildings, such as roofs, guttering or abandoned buildings; this can cause many problems within urban areas.
If you have or have had a pigeon problem it is recommended you should consult an experienced bird expert rather than a general pest controller.
You can talk to your local NBC bird control team for expert advice and recommendations on gull deterrents by calling 0333 567 2020.
Common Pigeons Types
Rock Dove (Columbia livia)
Often referred to as the ‘Feral Pigeon’ wild rock doves are pale grey with two black bars on each wing whilst urban rock doves can vary in colour and pattern. It has a dark blue-grey head, with a glossy purple and green colour on its neck and chest.
Stock Dove (Columba Oenas)
Stock doves are similar to size as rock doves and feral pigeons; they have a glossy green band on the back of their necks. Stock doves have black edges to their wings and two black bands near their back. Unlike the rock dove/feral pigeon they don’t have pale rumps.
Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
A pinky grey colour collared doves have a distinctive black collar at their necks. They have deep and dark red eyes and their feet are also reddish. Like other pigeons they are found in flocks where food is readily available.
Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus)
The woodpigeon is the UK’s most common pigeon. It is largely grey and has a white patch on its neck. Although shy in the countryside when in urban areas it can be quite tame and approachable.